MODARTT ORGANTEQ - User Manual

Organteq by MODARTT

Welcome

Congratulations on your purchase of Organteq - the starting point of a new generation of pipe organs, created by the MODARTT team.

For support issues and latest news about our products, please visit our website at www.modartt.com/organteq.

Table of contents

 

1. Introduction

Organteq is a physically modelled pipe organ which you can install on your computer (PC/Mac). It can be used both in standalone mode and as a 64-bit instrument plug-in in VST, AAX, and AudioUnits hosts.

 

1.1. Physically modelled Virtual Pipe Organ (VPO)

Organteq benefits from the physical model of Modartt's award-winning virtual instrument Pianoteq. Moreover, it is the first physically modelled organ reproducing the heart of the complex flue and reed pipes physics: the nonlinear feedback loop between the vibration of the air in the pipe and the "exciter" (air jet striking the labium for flue pipes, beating reed for reed pipes). The sound is generated in real time from scratch, reproducing the typical and variable pipe attack transients "chiff" as well as the 3D configuration, where pipes are located in space according to their keyboards. Even the action noises from keys, stops and couplers are modelled.

 

1.2. What makes Organteq outstanding

By being physically modelled, Organteq offers several advantages over sample based variants:

 

1.3. Features in short

Organteq offers over a thousand pipes, inspired from Cavaillé-Coll's organs, assigned to three manual keyboards with a five-octave range, and a pedal keyboard with thirty-two notes. Each keyboard can be assigned to a selection of stops with adjustable parameters.

With its MIDI learn feature and convenient MIDI mapping, Organteq provides quick and easy connection with your MIDI compatible keyboard and other devices.

The reverb module offers parameters to vary the ambience, from a pure anechoic dry sound to a giant space wet sound.

 

2. Installing and starting Organteq

Organteq works on computers equipped with Windows, macOS or Linux. You can use Organteq in standalone mode or as a plug-in instrument in a VST, VST3, Audio Units host. Organteq runs in 64-bit mode only. We recommend visiting www.modartt.com/organteq where you will find the latest information, a detailed FAQ page and a tutorial on how to connect your hardware.

 

2.1. Installer package download

Once registered as a user on the modartt.com/user_area, you will be able to log in and download the binary archive located in the Download section.

 

2.2. Windows

Execute the installation program file organteq_setup.exe. Activation is required when launching Organteq for the first time. Just follow the on-screen instructions. ASIO drivers are necessary for obtaining a low latency. If using a soundcard that is not distributed with its own ASIO drivers, you can download free third-party ASIO drivers at www.asio4all.com.

 

2.3. macOS

Click on the Organteq package and follow the instructions. Activation is required when launching Organteq for the first time. Just follow the on-screen instructions.

 

2.4. Licence activation

At the first launch of Organteq you will be asked to enter your serial number.

If you have no Internet connection then please read this short documentation about manual activation: modartt.com/activation_help.

 

2.5. Using Organteq standalone

Using Organteq standalone is very simple. Launch Organteq and specify your audio and MIDI Devices settings in the Options ► Devices dialogue box: you are ready to play.

 

2.6. Using the VST/VST3/AU plug-in

Organteq can be loaded by any 64-bit VST, VST3 and Audio Units host. You will need to specify, inside the host, your MIDI device and the driver you are using.

Warning: Most hosts save your modifications and reload them when you restart. If you hear some strange sounds, make sure that all parameters are at their default values.

 

2.7. Hardware requirements

Organteq can be used with any MIDI compatible keyboard. To simulate a real organ more closer, you can use multiple MIDI compatible keyboards and an organ pedal board.

The requirements for using Organteq successfully are:

 

2.8. Adapt Organteq to your hardware (standalone version)

When running in standalone version, click on the Options button, a window containing the following sections appears:

The Devices section lets you select your hardware keyboards, audio device and related driver (Audio device type), output channels, sample rate and audio buffer size.

If running Windows, you should select an ASIO driver. If intending to play on a MIDI compatible keyboard, you should select an audio buffer size which generates a latency of less than 8ms to simulate the response of real organ keyboards.

The audio load graph lets you check how your computer performs. If you encounter performance issues, you will need to lower the sample rate.

 

2.9. Adapt Organteq to your MIDI setup

Click on the left part of the MIDI mapping button to open the MIDI mapping window. From there you can either set a MIDI Action Mapping (an internal action triggered by a MIDI Event) or set a MIDI Keyboard Mapping (routing between MIDI channels and virtual keyboards).

You can save your MIDI mapping configuration (both Action and Keyboard) under the same MIDI mapping, and access it later through the upper right button. You can also quickly change the currently selected MIDI mapping from the main interface. You can quickly assign a MIDI Action Mapping to almost all UI elements (drawknobs, sliders, ...) by clicking on the element while holding the OS specific modifier key (Windows: ctrl+click, Mac: ⌘+click).

 

2.9.1. MIDI Keyboard Mapping

Organteq comes with four virtual keyboards: Pédale, Positif, Grand Orgue and Récit. A Keyboard Mapping item allows one to route a MIDI channel to a given virtual keyboard with input range and transposition options.



Example 1: a basic Keyboard Mapping

A basic Keyboard Mapping is made of four Keyboard Mapping items, one per virtual keyboard, routing the 1 to 4 MIDI channels as follow:



Example 2: a "keyboard split" for pianist

If you have only one hardware keyboard and you still want to use several virtual keyboards, here is an example of a "keyboard split" setup:



Note 1 If you have several hardware MIDI keyboards, make sure that each of them emits on different MIDI channels.

Note 2 Make sure all the keyboard couplers are disabled (see section Couplers) when setting your MIDI Keyboard Mapping up.

 

2.9.2. MIDI learn

The easiest way to set you MIDI setup is to use the MIDI learn. MIDI Keyboard Mapping setup:

All conflicts will be removed: all other Keyboard Mapping item involving the on-screen keyboard, or the MIDI channel will be removed.



MIDI Action Mapping setup:

 

2.10. Quickly loading FXP (settings) and MIDI files

You can load FXP (and MIDI files with the standalone version) quickly by dragging each file at a time, from the file manager, email client or web browser, onto the Organteq interface.

 

2.11. MIDI file player (standalone version)

The Organteq standalone version is equipped with a MIDI player that lets you play and record MIDI files. You can load several MIDI files via File ► Load MIDI file and even create your own MIDI Playlist via File ► Manage MIDI Playlist.

 

2.11.1. Organteq MIDI file & built-in MIDI Mapping

Any MIDI stream recorded by Organteq standalone is recorded as a 6-track MIDI file. Track #0 contains the original input. Tracks #1 to #4 contain the notes played on the 4 keyboards from bottom to top (1=Pédale, ..., 4=Récit). Each track from 1 to 4 is recorded on the MIDI channels 1 to 4, respectively. Track #5 contains all other real-time events (stops switches, couplers switches, expression pedal, crescendo pedal, tutti, ...) as SysEx messages, including "clicks events" on the GUI.

A MIDI file recorded through Organteq is recognizable by its 6 tracks structure (right-click on the white part of the Transport Bar):



When loaded back in Organteq standalone, such a MIDI file is played by overriding the current MIDI Mapping and uses an internal built-in MIDI Mapping.

Note

A MIDI file recorded with Organteq must be read with the preset/setting (FXP file) with whom it has been recorded, otherwise the real-time events, such as stop switch events, might activate the wrong stop!

 

2.11.2. Playback speed

You can adjust the playback speed by clicking on x1 ("times 1"). A menu will appear where you can choose another value or enter any value between 0.1 and 10. Alternatively, click on x1 and drag the mouse to get the value you want.

 

2.11.3. Record and Save your performance

Click on the record button to start recording your performance live. Save your MIDI file by opening the File menu. There you can also export your recording to a WAV, FLAC or MP3 audio file.

 

2.11.4. Brilliant performance lost?

At any time, you can retrieve your recent performances via File ► Recently played on the keyboard. Particularly useful when after a brilliant performance you think “too bad I didn’t record this”! Well, Organteq did it for you: just load the latest Recently played on the keyboard and save/export it to a regular MIDI/AUDIO file.

For less recent performances, a MIDI Archiver is available, access the settings at the bottom of the Recently played on the keyboard menu.

 

2.11.5. Step by step in your MIDI file

In the standalone version, for exploring your MIDI file step by step, forwards or backwards, use the computer keyboard right or left arrows to play single notes or chords.

 

2.12. Interface magnification

The Organteq interface is re-sizable, making it comfortable to work with any display size. Click on Options ► General and select the size in the Interface magnification menu, or simply use the handy keyboard shortcuts +/-:

 

3. Organteq console overview

This section gives a brief overview of the main Organteq window.

 

3.1. Stop

A stop is the basic unit of an organ. A stop is a set of pipes with timbral consistency along the tessitura. More than 20 stops are available in Organteq.

 

3.2. Keyboards & stop divisions

Organteq comes with 4 keyboards, from bottom to top: Pédale, Positif, Grand Orgue and Récit. A set of ten stops is attached to each keyboard. All the stops of a keyboard are usually put in a box called division. The keyboard divisions are set at different location, offering different sound planes for each keyboard.



Note

You can quickly assign a MIDI channel to a keyboard by right-clicking on the keyboard. Then press a key on the hardware keyboard. The channel of your hardware keyboard is then automatically attached to the virtual keyboard.

 

3.3. Stop drawknobs

When playing on a keyboard, a stop has to be activated to be heard. This is done with the stop switch, or stop drawknob, on the side of the keyboard:

GUI_activated_stop



Note

You can quickly assign a MIDI controller to each stop drawknob by clicking on the stop drawknob while holding the OS specific modifier key (Windows: ctrl+click, Mac: ⌘+click).

 

3.4. Couplers

GUI_couplers

Couplers allow one to add the registration of a keyboard to another keyboard. When Pos. / Péd. is activated, the sound of the Positif is added to the Pédale. Organteq offers 6 settable couplers, with octave transposition options. Open the couplers settings window to custom your own couplers.



Note

Even if similar results can be achieved through the MIDI Keyboard Mapping, the MIDI Keyboard Mapping should be seen as a static configuration while the couplers are used during live performance. It is better custom to keep the MIDI Keyboard Mapping as simple as possible.

 

3.5. Combinations

The stop drawknobs and couplers manipulation can be fastidious and break the live performance workflow. Organteq comes with 10 settable combinations. A combination allows to trigger a pre-recorded state of stop drawknobs and coupler pedals.

 

3.5.1. Combination snaphot

The easiest way to set a combination is to perform a "snapshot": set the stop drawknobs and couplers as desired, right-click on the combination button, and click on snaphost (or alternatively, use the keystroke shift+click on the combination button).



When playing, just press the combination button to quickly find back the pre-recorded state.

 

3.5.2. Combination stepper

Stepper Previous and Next are used to navigate through combinations. So you can prepare your own sequence of combinations that suits you piece and easily navigate through it.

GUI_combination_stepper

 

3.5.3. Combination advanced settings

A combination basically turns all switches On or Off. A third action is available: let the switch untouch. Open the advanced Combination settings window. There you can set stops drawknovw and other items to "none", "Set" or "Unset". Here is an example where the combination will affect all the keyboards but the Récit:

 

3.6. Expression pedal

Pipes are enclosed in keyboard divisions. The expression pedal allows to open the wooden blinds of the divisions yielding a much louder and richer sound.

Assign all stops of a keyboard to the expression pedal by right-clicking on it.

GUI_expression_popup



Stops can be individually add to or remove from the expression pedal from the Stop edit window.

 

3.7. Crescendo pedal

The crescendo pedal gradually activates stops in addition to the manual registration.



The crescendo pedal is divided in 12 steps. For each step a stop can be on or off. Set the stop individually from the Stop edit window.

 

3.8. Tutti & General Cancel

Two additional buttons are available. Tutti activates all stops of all keyboards. General Cancel resets all stops and couplers.

GUI_tutti_cancel

 

4. Parameter edition & preset

 

4.1. Preset

The physical model contains a great number of parameters, but only a small proportion of them are available through the user interface. A preset gathers all the parameters that are user-editable.

 

4.2. Parameter modification

You can change any parameter by moving the corresponding slider with the mouse.

GUI_slider_horizontal

Moving the mouse cursor perpendicularly to the slider will make the slider move slowly.

GUI_slider_vertical



Each time you modify parameters in Organteq, a few computations are needed to update the physical model.

 

4.3. General commands

You can modify and create your own presets, save them and share them with other users. The following commands are located at the top of the interface.

GUI_commands

 

4.4. Preset manager

When you click on the edit button, the following presets manager appears:



It lets you manage the presets. You can edit the presets information, sort or filter them (see some part of them), rename them, etc.

Edit

Information on each preset is displayed at the bottom of the presets manager. There you can edit the information related to your own presets.

Sorting

The way presets are sorted can be chosen by clicking in the appropriate column: Preset name or Bank.



A bank is a set of presets that are located in a given folder, except the factory bank which contains all built-in presets.

Filtering

You can select the presets that are visible in the menu through two different “filters” located on the right side of managing window: search, All banks. You can also click on individual banks.

Renaming presets

A double click on a user preset name allows you to rename it. You can also open the contextual menu by clicking on the small arrows in the MIDI column.

The Organteq folders

The easiest way to find the Organteq folders is to click on the little folder images to the right of All banks. The Organteq folder contains one sub-folder Presets: this is where to store the user defined banks. Each bank is itself a folder that contains presets with fxp file format.

Importing fxp files

There are two ways of importing fxp files:

Saving presets

After you have created your new preset, you can save it by simply clicking on the save button; a popup window will ask you for a preset name and a bank name (default bank is My Presets). Each time you click again on the save button, you will save the new values with the same preset name. You can access backup copies with a right click on the preset name (if there are some).

 

4.5. Edit your own organ console (advanced user)

Organteq's console is fully editable. You can modify the stop attached to each keyboard, the couplers actions, the combinations, the expression and crescendo pedal. The following sections focus on the stop edition.

 

4.6. Keyboard and stop slot (advanced user)

Each keyboard offers ten slots into which you can attach a given stop.



Note Note that a MIDI Action Mapping maps to a slot and not to the stop it contains.

 

4.7. Stop edit window (advanced user)

Open the corresponding slot stop edit window by right-clicking on the empty slot or on the stop drawknob.



In this window, you can attach a stop to a specific slot. To select a slot, use the upper left buttons or right-click on the main interface on the drawknobs (or empty slot). You can also attach a MIDI event to the drawnknob. For each stop, several parameters are adjustable such as the note-per-note volume or how the crescendo pedal affects the stop.

 

4.7.1. Stop type

Stops are categorized into two main families, depending on the exciter, i.e. how the acoustic vibration is produced:

In both families, the acoustic vibration is filtered by the pipe resonances. A wide variety of exciter shapes and pipe shapes yields a wide variety of timbres.

 

4.7.2. Flue stops

Flue stops are mainly made of cylindrical resonator:

 

4.7.3. Reed stops

There is no such a clear classification for reed stops since the variabitity of pipe shapes is more important. Lets mention some important pipe shape:

 

4.7.4. Stop height (pitch) & mutations

In addition to the timbral variation offered by the pipe shape, the stops are also available at different pitches. It is the custom in the organ world to refer to a stop pitch using the height of the lowest C of the stop, which is approximatively 8 feet (noted 8'). Even bourdon whose length is halved is refered as a 8' stop since it sounds as a 8' open-end pipe. A stop sounding an octave lower is twice longer: 16'. A stop sounding an octave above is twice shorter: 4'. And so on.

Other pitches than octaves are available. These stops are called mutations and sound at higher pitch at specific musical interval. Here is a the most common heights including mutations:

Height Musical interval
16' = 8' x 2 lower octave
8' = 8' / 1 unison (reference pitch)
5' 1/3 = 8' / 1.5 fifth
4' = 8' / 2 octave
2' 2/3 = 8' / 3 twelfth (octave + fifth)
2' = 8' / 4 double octave
1' 3/5 = 8' / 5 seventeenth (double octave + third)
1' = 8' / 8 triple octave (sometimes seen as a mutation)

 

4.7.5. Mixture stops

All the stops mentionned so far are single rank stops: there are as many pipes as the number of keys, one pipe per key. Mixture stops combine several flue ranks: one key activates several pipes at different heights. These pipes cannot sound separatly.

The ranks of Mixture stops might also have breaks along the tessitura. A break is a change in the pipe height that occures between two keys. The following table shows the actual height of an octave rank with a break at B2/C3:

C1 - B1 C2 - B2 C3 - B3 C4 - B4 C5 - B5
8' rank (reference) 8' 4' 2' 1' 1/2'
4' rank with one break 4' 2' 2' (break) 1' 1/2'
Musical interval octave octave unison (break) unison unison

 

4.7.6. Organteq Flue stops

Stop name Short name Type Subtype Height Comment
Principal 16' P16 Flue Principal - Flue stop with a medium diameter 16' The typical organ stop. This 16’ version offers strong bass.
Bourdon 16' Bn16 Flue Bourdon - Closed-open end flue stop 16' Similar to the Bourdon 8’. This 16’ version offers a very soft bass used to fill the lower part of the sound in order to achieve more depth.
Quintaton 16' Q16 Flue Chimney - Closed-open end flue stop with an open chimney 16' Closed pipe ending with an open chimney. Same characteristics as the Bourdon but with a strong 3rd harmonic (twelfth = octave + fifth). This 16’ version offers a very soft bass.
Gambe 8' G8 Flue String - Flue stop with a narrow diameter 8' It is inspired from bowed-string instruments, with a brilliant sound and chiff attack. It constitutes the so-called Jeux de Fond, together with Bourdon 8’, Principal 8’ and Flute 8’. They are the basis for other registrations.
Voix Celeste 8' VxC Flue String - Flue stop with a narrow diameter 8' Very similar to the Gambe 8’, but craftily detuned. Pulled together with a well-tuned Gambe 8’, it produces a very floating beating sound.
Principal 8' P8 Flue Principal - Flue stop with a medium diameter 8' The typical organ stop. It constitutes the so-called Jeux de Fond, together with Bourdon 8’, Principal 8’ and Flute 8’. They are the basis for other registrations.
Flute 8' F8 Flue Flute - Flue stop with a wide diameter 8' Its soft sound with a strong fundamental is inspired from flute-like woodwind instruments. It constitutes the so-called Jeux de Fond, together with Bourdon 8’, Principal 8’ and Flute 8’. They are the basis for other registrations.
Flute Traversiere 8' FT8 Flue Flute - Flue stop with a wide diameter 8' Its soft sound with a strong fundamental and lighter upper harmonics is inspired from the transverse flute.
Bourdon 8' B8 Flue Bourdon - Closed-open end flue stop 8' The Bourdon 8' offers the typical timbre of soft sound and strong odd harmonics. It is a closed version of the flute. The stop is referred to as a 8’, although its length is half that of a flute of the same pitch.
Prestant 4' P4 Flue Principal - Flue stop with a medium diameter 4' The typical organ stop. This 4’ version makes the registration richer.
Flute 4' F4 Flue Flute - Flue stop with a wide diameter 4' Its soft sound with a strong fundamental and lighter upper harmonics is inspired from flute-like woodwind instruments. This is an octave version of the Flute 8’.
Quinte 2'2/3 Q 2 2/3 Flue Flute - Flue stop with a wide diameter 2' 2/3 Mutation of the Flute 8’: sounds at a twelfth (octave + fifth). A mutation is a stop sounding at a musical interval which is not the octave.
Nasard 2'2/3 N 2 2/3 Flue Bourdon - Closed-open end flue stop 2' 2/3 Mutation of the Bourdon 8’: sounds at a twelfth (octave + fifth). It is common to pull it together with Bourdon 8’. A mutation is a stop sounding at a musical interval which is not the octave.
Doublette 2' D2 Flue Principal - Flue stop with a medium diameter 2' A double octave version of the Principal 8’.
Piccolo 1' P1 Flue Principal - Flue stop with a medium diameter 1' A triple-octave version of the Principal 8’. This one is sometimes considered as a mutation because of its very high pitch. Try to use it with a holed registration: B8 + P1!

 

4.7.7. Organteq Mixture stops

Stop name Short name Type Subtype Height Comment
Cornet CV Flue Mixture - Several flue ranks - It aims to replace the reed stops that are less powerful in the upper register. Usually defined above C3, this one has been extended to lower octaves with a less brilliant Mixture. This Mixture is made of five flue ranks.
Plein Jeu III III Flue Mixture - Several flue ranks with breaks - It is one of the main signatures of the organ. It is meant to be used with other flue stops, for instance P8 + P4 + III. This Mixture is made of three flue ranks with breaks (i.e. change in the pitch), combining octaves and fifths.
Plein Jeu V V Flue Mixture - Several flue ranks with breaks - It is one of the main signatures of the organ. It is meant to be used with other flue stops, for instance P8 + P4 + V. This Mixture is made of five flue ranks with breaks (i.e. change in the pitch), combining octaves and fifths.

 

4.7.8. Organteq Reed stops

Stop name Short name Type Subtype Height Comment
Bombarde 16' B16 Reed Reed stop with a conical resonator 16' This 16’ reed stop offers rich and strong bass. Assign it to the Pédale to add depth to your foot bass line.
Trompette 8' T8 Reed Reed stop with a conical resonator 8' Inspired by the brilliant and powerful sound of the trumpet. Often used for solo voices.
Clarinette 8' C8 Reed Reed stop with a cylindrical resonator 8' Inspired by the sound of the clarinet. Alternative solo stop to Trompette.
Musette 8' M8 Reed Reed stop with a converging conical resonator 8' It offers a much softer sound than other reed stops.
Regale 8' R8 Reed Reed stop with a very short cylindrical resonator 8' This ancestral stop offers a medieval sound that suits old pieces, as well as more recent compositions.
Voix Humaine 8' VxH Reed Reed stops with a very short and half closed cylindrical resonator 8' Also called Vox Humana. The combination of the high pipe resonances (short length) with the low-tuned reed makes this stop the closest to human voice.
Clairon 4' C4 Reed Reed stops with a conical resonator 4' This 4’ version of the Trompette is usually used for octave solo voice.

 

5. Special acknowledgements

 

5.1. Instrument providers

We are grateful to Toulouse les Orgues and Bernard Thourel for their valuable contributions.

 

5.2. Company

MODARTT is a company that develops and provides software, hardware and consulting services for artistic and technological applications.

 

6. Intellectual property

Organteq is a trademark of MODARTT S.A.S., 9, avenue de l’Europe, 31520 Ramonville Saint Agne, France.


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